Using the following Internet sites, your job is to find information on the internet and the Humanities and Communications Magnet New York book which will give you, the cyber-traveler, an opportunity to see some of NYC many memorable and historic sights. You will need to gain an understanding of how the city grew, identify information on various locations and communicate this information through descriptive poetry and expository writing. You will also need to conduct an interview. Ms. Lee will help with directions for that process. There are various tasks and writing assignments which go along with the tour for four days; a fifth day during your week should be spent performing your interview. The following activities may be done in any order although they simulate the path we will take in New York City.
The Native Americans were the first to use New York City as a trading ground. Manhattan. In the Algonquin language, the High Hills Island. Before the coming of the Europeans it was the summer home of the Canarsie people, who in winter returned to the place they called Metoaca, the Long Island. Werpoes, the main Canarsie village on Manhattan, was at the narrow southern end of the island, and was where people from many clans came to trade for the exquisitely made Canarsie wampum, intricately carved shells hat were prized by all who saw them.
Not far from Werpoes was the special place the women went . . . to get from Werpoes to their sacred compound the women traveled the path they called the Little Musquash (later known as The Broad Way). (The City of Dreams, by Beverly Swerling, Introduction)
The Europeans followed: April, 1661, The Princess sails from Rotterdam.: Eleven weeks in a ship thirty-seven feet long by eleven wide, carrying a crew of nine as well as twenty passengers. Lurching and lunging and tossing on the Atlantic swells, the sails creaking night and day, spread above them like some evil bird of prey....The voyage was beyond imagination, beyond bearing. . . A crossing longer and more miserable and more dangerous than anything they had talked about or prepared for, and when they got there - what? By all reports bitter cold in winter and fierce hear in summer. And savages . . . ( The City of Dreams, p. 21)
Day 1: As the more modern travelers of the 19th and 20th century arrived, begin your journey as these immigrants would have entered the city,that is, through Ellis Island. Go to www.historychannel.com/ellisisland/index2.html . You will listen to the stories and view the videos to experience through testimony who these people were, why they came to America, what obstacles they had to overcome and what their first impressions were. After listening to the tales, write a poem from the point of view of either the German, Irish, Greek or Italian immigrant featured here.
Now click on the "Gateways" icon for a virtual tour of Ellis Island. Briefly explain the transactions at each area (a detailed map can be found on page 43 of your NY book).
Day 2: New York City has been home to many people even before Ellis Island became the immigration center. Go to http://www.nycvisit.com/content/index.cfm?pagePkey=442 to visit Trinity Church. Answer the following questions on a separate piece of paper with information found at the website.
What is the architectural style of the church?
How many churches have their been at this sight?
Where were the stained glass windows made?
Which is the oldest church in NY in continuous use?
Who was the most notable person buried at Trinity?
The man who designed the bronze doors of the church also designed the base of the Statue of Liberty. Who was he and what else did he design in NYC?
Go to Downtown NYC Fun Facts to answer the next set of questions.
Why was Castle Clinton built?
What else has it been used for?
What was the Broadway's first use?
What is the oldest park in NYC?
What building led to the zoning setback laws? why?
Click on photo tour of downtown
One of the destinations for people leaving Ellis Island may have been Orchard Street. Go now to the Tenement museum: http://tenement.org/Virtual_Tour/index_virtual.html to view how this area developed, and how people lived. Orchard Street was so named because it had a cherry orchard at the end of the street. A German immigrant, Louis Gluckner, bought one of the first lots in this area in 1863. These lots were designed for single family houses but instead Gluckner built 22 apartments on a 25x100 ft. lot. Click on the "Enter here" icon, take the audio tour and view the rooms. Listen to the stories found at each of the four apartments . Write a journal entry from the point of view of a resident of this tenement.
We are now going to move up to Harlem. Look on your map in the NY book p. 119. What are the regions/streets (after 1930) which traditionally delineate this area? Find out the history of this area of NYC. http://www.harlemheritage.com/harlem_history.shtml
Choose one of the photographs by James Van der Zee a famous African American photographer of the time. View his work and answer the questions found on the worksheet.
James Van der Zee http://www.grnnamdigallery.com/dynamic/artwork_display.asp?ArtworkID=153 http://www.si.umich.edu/CHICO/Harlem/text/wedding.htm
Next stop is the Museum of the Moving Image http://www.movingimage.us/site/online/index.html in Astoria. Begin by viewing the online exhibit Shutters, Sprockets and Tubes to learn how the moving image comes to the viewer.http://www.ammi.org/site/online/index.html
Move on to the online exhibit The Living Room Candidate which discusses how presidential campaigns have been represented in the media. Complete the questions found on the worksheet.
Day 4: Ah! Times Square and midtown Manhattan
http://www.radiocity.com/themusichall_history.htmlTake a look at the beautiful art deco restoration
Enjoy the view from the earth cam http://www.earthcam.com/usa/newyork/timessquare/livetsone.html
and panoramic views http://www.earthcam.com/usa/newyork/timessquare/panorama.html
and a 24 hour time lapse view http://www.earthcam.com/usa/newyork/timessquare/timeLapse.php
Get a panoramic view of St. Patrick's Cathedral http://www.newyork.com/vny/panorama/tour10a.html
Information on the Cathedral can be found at http://www.thecityreview.com/stpats.html . Answer the questions in your New York Book on page 73 "From the Outside".
Hope you have enjoyed your special tour of NEW YORK CITY.